SALVADOR DALI (1904-1989)
No one can doubt the general esteem given to Dalí: ask the man in the street to tell you a modern artist, and you can be sure that include his name. But everyone does not know the same way: valued as "showman" and as one of the greatest artists of this century, Dalí will be praised for his technical ability by those who know his work the most popular and appreciate its lush imagination. Everyone seems to know the soft watches that appear in his paintings although often the title of Persistence of Memory, escapes them - A. Fiel Dalí Sculpture Collection 2005.
Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí y Domenech born May 11, 1904 in Figueras, north of Catalonia. The region of his childhood will always have a special place in his work as in his life. Early on, he showed an attraction to figurative art and painting already revealing its original and inspired personality. He follows drawing tutoring.
His parents had lost their first son also named Salvador. The overprotective love they gratified their second child has encouraged the development of an unstable and selfish character. His parents never recovered from the death of their first son, he was a genius mother confided to his son. The young Salvador is also deeply troubled when he saw his name on the grave. "All my eccentricities, all my inconsistencies are the tragic constant in my life [.] I want to prove I'm not dead brother, but the living," he wrote.
While in Paris Dadaism is at its peak, Dalí was admitted to the San Fernando Institute, the School of Fine Arts in Madrid. There, he perfected his knowledge of sculpture, drawing and painting. Violently disputing the ability of its professors, Dalí is expelled from the Fine Arts in Madrid. He will be excluded in 1922 for inciting rebellion of the school's students. It's at this time that Lorca and Buñuel encounter, while during his first trip to Paris in 1926 he made the acquaintance of Picasso.
In Paris, Dalí met Breton, Eluard, Magritte and Ernst. He officially joined the Surrealist group. During the Summer of 1929, the poet Paul Eluard and his wife Elena (Gala) visit the painter in his home in Cadaqués. It was love at first sight between Dalí and this woman. It will be his "surrealist muse", the inspiration of his life and his work. Dalí exhibited in Paris for the first time (11 paintings).
During World War II, Dalí and Gala settled in the United States. They will remain there until 1948. These years were very important to him. The Museum of Modern Art in New York gave Dali his first retrospective exhibition in 1941. In 1942 Dalí published his autobiography, The Secret Life.
Dalí is still more prolific: he writes and illustrates books, designing sets and costumes for opera, turning films, developing new theories, sculpts, draws, creates jewelry and furniture, mixing artistic techniques, his genius has no limits in the art.
In 1974, Dalí inaugurates Teatro Museo in Figueras, Spain. This event was followed by retrospectives in Paris and London until the end of the decade. After the death of his wife Gala in 1982, Dalí's health begins to decline. Following the House fire in 1984, he was burned and therefore his health deteriorates. Two years later, a pacemaker is implanted. In this part of his life, Dalí withdrew first in Pubol and later in his apartment near the Teatro Museo. He died Jan. 23, 1989.
Source : www.daliparis.com
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